It is the protrusion (an action that an organ performs when it protrudes from its normal location) of the contents of the abdominal cavity through a defect in the anterolateral wall of the abdomen; it can be detected clinically or by imaging studies.
Anterior abdominal wall hernias are a problem that affects approximately 11-20% of patients undergoing laparotomies. The severity of this problem is accentuated in patients with peritonitis, trauma and added medical problems.
Many of these patients have difficulty walking, and sometimes they stay prostrated on an
armchair or on a bed. Therefore, walking and exercising help them restore mobility and flexibility.
Before surgery, these patients should be evaluated by a cardiologist and a pulmonologist, in order
to assess whether the patient can stand that physical and dynamic change. A proper weight loss
before surgery will facilitate the management of the abdominal panicle and the repositioning of
the intestinal loops inside the abdominal cavity, in addition to causing the muscular closure to
occur with less tension.
Weight loss also helps reduce cardiorespiratory risks and possible problems of abdominal compartment syndrome due to hyperpressure after wall closure. Abdominal wall hernias, and particularly COMPLEX HERNIAS, are a problem to be solved only by the surgeon specialized in abdominal wall reconstruction.